skin hyperpigmentation

How To Treat Melasma

How To Treat Melasma

Melasma is a common skin problem that causes brown to grey-brown patches on the face. Although it can affect anyone, melasma is particularly common in women, especially pregnant women and those who are taking birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) medications. Here are some effective ways to treat melasma.

Sun Protection

Protecting your skin from the sun is crucial when treating melasma because sunlight triggers melasma. Use broad-spectrum sunscreen that protects against both UVA and UVB light. Apart from this, wear a wide-brimmed hat when you are out in the sun.

Topical Medications

A number of topical medications are effective in treating melasma. These include hydroquinone, which is the common active ingredient in many skin-lightening creams and lotions. Other medications include tretinoin and corticosteroids, which are often used in combination with hydroquinone. Sometimes, doctors recommend creams with azelaic acid or kojic acid as well.


If topical medications aren't effective, procedures may help. These include a chemical peel, microdermabrasion, or dermabrasion. It's important to note that these procedures should only be performed by a trained professional because if not performed correctly, they can worsen melasma.

Avoidance of Triggers

Some common triggers for melasma include birth control pills, hormone therapy, pregnancy, and stress. If you can, avoid these triggers to reduce the likelihood of your melasma worsening.

Consultation with a Dermatologist

If you're dealing with melasma and over-the-counter treatments aren't working, it's always best to consult a dermatologist. A dermatologist can evaluate your skin and determine the best course of treatment for you. It's important to remember that while melasma can be persistent, it is treatable, and with patience and consistency, your skin can improve.

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